Often asked: What Is A Tora In Indian Classical Music?

What is a gat Tora?

GAT-TORĀ Gat-Torā (gat, Hindustani, “form” or “movement of the body in dance ” + torā, Hindustani, “an ornament for the wrists”) is instrumental music in North Indian classical music, particularly for the sitar and sarod, in which a composition alternates with improvisations.

What is Gath in Hindustani music?

Bandish, cheez or gat is a fixed, melodic composition in Hindustani vocal or instrumental music. It is set in a specific raga, performed with rhythmic accompaniment by a tabla or pakhawaj, a steady drone, and melodic accompaniment by a sarangi, violin or harmonium.

How many types are there of GAT?

There are two basic approaches; masitkhani and razakhani. The masitkhani gat is the basic slow gat while the razakhani is fast. In recent years, the distinction between the two styles has become blurred.

What are the 3 sections of Indian classical music?

There are three basic layers to the texture of Indian Classical Music: MELODY (Voice, Sitar, Sarangi, Bansuri, Esraj or Sarod performing the melodic form of the Raga); DRONE (Tanpura or Harmonium performing long sustained noted); RHYTHM (Tabla performing the rhythmic Tala).

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Is the JHOR improvised?

It is a type of melodic improvisation that includes a Raga in it. Only the singer and the drone can be heard at this point. Jhor is a more elaborate version of the Raga that is included in the Alap. It forms the beginning of the performance.

Who was the inventor of Razakhani GAT?

Raza Khan was also an important person in the development of sitar music. Raza Khan was also a descendent of Tansen and lived in Lucknow around 1800-1850. Raza Khan was also known as Ghulam Raza. He developed the fast gat known as Razakani gat.

What are the different types of ragas?


  • Aadi (raga)
  • Aadi Basant (Marwa Thaat)
  • Aarabi (raga)
  • Abhari (raagini)
  • Abheri Todi.
  • Abhiri (raagini)
  • Abhogi.
  • Abhogi Kanada.

Who invented music in India?

During this 16th century period, Tansen studied music and introduced musical innovations, for about the first sixty years of his life with patronage of the Hindu king Ram Chand of Gwalior, and thereafter performed at the Muslim court of Akbar. Many musicians consider Tansen as the founder of Hindustani music.

How many Sur are there in Indian music system?

What is the origin of the seven swaras of Indian classical music? The notes, or swaras, of Indian music are shadjam (sa), rishabham (re or ri), gandharam (ga), madhyamam (ma), panchamam (pa), dhaivatam (dha or da) and nishadam (ni).

How many Shruti are there in an octave?

The swara differs from the shruti concept in Indian music. A shruti is the smallest gradation of pitch available, while a swara is the selected pitches from which the musician constructs the scales, melodies and ragas. The Natya Shastra identifies and discusses twenty two shruti and seven swara per octave.

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What is kriti in Carnatic music?

Kriti (Sanskrit: कृति, kṛti) is a format of musical composition typical to Carnatic music. Kritis form the mental backbone of any typical Carnatic music concert and is the longer format of Carnatic song. “Kriti” also means Creation.

Is Indian classical music difficult?

Singer Shalmali Kholgade, best known for songs like “Pareshaan”, “Daaru desi” and “Balam pichkari”, believes that Indian classical music is too complicated for easy listening and that it requires “specific interest”. There are songs composed in specific ragas. The singing style is Indian in most songs.

Is Indian classical music dying?

Though it assimilated many regional and folk traditions over the centuries, classical tradition never strayed away from its original structure. Well, there is an ongoing debate that the classical Indian form of music is not dying.

Which is older Carnatic or Hindustani?

Differences. (i) Origin of Hindustani music is earlier than Carnatic music. It synthesizes with Vedic chants, Islamic traditions and Persian Musiqu-e-Assil style. Carnatic is Comparatively pure and was developed in 15th 16th century during Bhakti movement and also get boost in 19th -20th century.

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